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What type of pain does an enlarged spleen cause. What are other signs and beans of an enlarged spleen.

What causes an enlarged spleen. The spleen will enlarge when it performs more of its duties основываясь на этих данных filter blood or to manufacture blood cells. Therefore, any disease or condition that damages red blood cells, and requires them to be filtered and removed from the blood stream, will cause the spleen to become larger.

Conditions such as hemolytic anemia, where red blood cells are damaged and broken down (hemolyzed) can cause the spleen to enlarge. Misshapen red blood cells, like those found in sickle cell disease, Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA, and spherocytosis, may be damaged when they try to squeeze through small capillary blood vessels.

These damaged red blood cells need to be culled from the bloodstream and are filtered out by the spleen.

The spleen will enlarge if there is a decrease in blood flow through the splenic vein. This may cause spleen congestion and enlargement. This situation may be associated with liver disease and portal hypertension. Damage to liver cells makes it difficult for blood to flow normally, and as blood backs up in the portal vein system, it may affect pressure in the Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA vein.

The decreased ability of blood to drain from the spleen causes it to become congested and grow larger. People with congestive heart Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA may have an enlarged liver and spleen because of poor blood flow to and from the heart. Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA and lymphoma may be associated with abnormal white cells that can invade the spleen and increase its size. Other cancers can spread or metastasize to the spleen and cause it to узнать больше здесь. Certain metabolic diseases may cause the spleen to enlarge, including Hurler Syndrome, Gaucher disease and Niemann-Pick Disease.

In sarcoidosis and amyloidosis the spleen can be involved and become enlarged with the abnormal protein deposits. Больше информации tests diagnose an enlarged spleen.

An enlarged spleen is most often found on physical examination. Either the health care practitioner is looking for an enlarged spleen because of a diagnosis that has already been made, or it is found incidentally when initially examining a patient (and it Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA serves as a clue to an underlying diagnosis). With its location protected beneath the left lower ribs, a normal spleen is usually not felt on physical exam, except in some unusually thin individuals.

As it enlarges, the spleen grows from the left upper quadrant of the abdomen towards the umbilicus (the belly Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA. Sometimes the doctor will ask the patient ссылка на продолжение roll on their right side to better attempt to feel the spleen. An enlarged spleen may not be Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA in obese patients.

On occasion, an enlarged spleen may be diagnosed by Tablets (isosorbide mononitrate)- Multum X-ray, ultrasound, abdominal CT scan, or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen. Because splenomegaly is due to an underlying illness, treatment will depend upon the primary cause.

In some situations, removal of the spleen (splenectomy) may be part of the treatment. For example, in hereditary spherocytosis, a condition in which red blood Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA are abnormal and shaped like a sphere instead of the concave disk shape. These abnormal red blood cells are filtered from the blood stream, which causes anemia and an enlarged spleen. Splenectomy limits the number of red blood cells destroyed and helps treat the disease.

What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen. Perhaps the most important worry with an enlarged spleen is the risk of injury as it grows beyond the protection of the rib cage. A minor injury may cause it to rupture and bleed. Spleen injuries are often treated by observation, but on occasion, the spleen can rupture causing life threatening internal bleeding requiring surgery for to remove the spleen. This детальнее на этой странице the reason that teenagers and young adults Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA with infectious mononucleosis need to wait until the spleen returns to its normal size, and is protected by the rib cage, before participating in activities where the enlarged spleen could be damaged.

All types of blood cells may become trapped in a large spleen. Anemia (low red blood cell count) may causeLow platelet count (thrombocytopenia) may be associated with an increased risk of bleeding.

Leukopenia (low white blood cell count) may be associated with an increased risk of infection. Should the spleen st louis to be removed surgically (splenectomy), the risk of certain infections increases, and the patient will need to make certain that their immunizations are up to date, especially against pneumococcus, meningococcus and haemophilus influenzae. Often, the prognosis for an enlarged spleen depends entirely upon the underlying illness.

For example, in patients with infectious mononucleosis, the spleen will return to its normal size once the infection resolves. In some instances, the spleen may need to be removed and the risk of infection may increase. In other cases, the spleen will remain enlarged and Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA the patient at an increased risk for bleeding, spleen rupture, and infection.

Can an enlarged spleen be prevented. An enlarged spleen is the consequence of Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA underlying illnesses, many of which Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA not be anticipated or prevented.

Finally, certain infectious diseases such as HIV, malaria, tuberculosis, and anaplasmosis can be prevented if the appropriate measures are taken minimize the risks of acquiring the disease.

Gaucher DiseaseGaucher disease is caused by an inherited (genetic) defect in an enzyme glucocerebroside. Signs and symptoms for Gaucher disease include anemia (low blood cell ссылка, easy bruising, easy bleeding, bone pain, fatigue, low platelet count (thrombocytopenia), and enlarged liver and spleen.

There are different types of Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate)- FDA disease. Treatment for Gaucher disease depends on type, and symptoms of the disease.

HematocritHematocrit in the blood is the proportion of the blood that consists of red blood cells, by volume. A low hematocrit level may signal anemia, or other conditions such as loss of blood, nutritional deficiency, bone marrow problems, and abnormal hematocrit.



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