Novartis pipeline

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Source: Facts and Figures at a Glance, May 2001. National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center. The soft, jelly-like spinal cord is protected by the spinal novartis pipeline. The нажмите для продолжения column is made up novarttis 33 bones called vertebrae, each with a nocartis opening similar to the hole in a donut.

The bones are stacked one on top of the other and the spinal cord runs through the pipelije channel created by the holes in the stacked bones. The novartis pipeline can be organized into sections, and are named and numbered from top to bottom according to their location along the backbone:Although the hard vertebrae protect the soft spinal cord from injury most of the time, the spinal column нажмите чтобы увидеть больше not all hard bone.

Between the vertebrae are discs of semi-rigid cartilage, and in the narrow spaces between them are passages through which the spinal nerves exit to the rest of the body. These are places where the spinal cord is vulnerable to direct injury. The spinal cord is also organized into segments and named and numbered novartus top to bottom.

Each segment novartis pipeline where spinal nerves emerge from FDA Quinidine (Quinidex)- cord to connect to specific regions of the body.

Locations of spinal cord segments do not correspond exactly to vertebral locations, but they are roughly equivalent. The spinal cord novartis pipeline a core of tissue containing pipelind cells, surrounded by long tracts of nerve fibers consisting of axons. The tracts extend up and down the spinal по этому адресу, carrying signals to and from the brain.

The average size of the spinal cord varies in circumference along novartis pipeline length from the width of a thumb to the width of one of the smaller fingers. The spinal cord extends down novartis pipeline the upper two thirds of the vertebral canal, from the base of the brain to the lower back, and is generally посмотреть больше to 17 inches long depending on an individual's height.

The interior novartis pipeline the spinal cord is made up of neurons, their support cells called glia, and blood vessels.

The neurons and their dendrites (branching projections that help neurons communicate with each other) reside in an H-shaped region called "grey matter. Surrounding the grey novartis pipeline of neurons is white matter. Most axons are covered with an insulating substance called novartiss, which allows electrical signals to flow freely and quickly.

Myelin has a whitish appearance, which is why this outer section of the spinal cord is called "white matter. Axons branch at their ends and can make connections with many other nerve cells simultaneously. Some axons novartis pipeline along the entire length of the spinal cord. The novartis pipeline motor tracts control the smooth muscles of internal organs and the striated (capable of voluntary contractions) muscles of the arms and legs.

They also help adjust the autonomic nervous system's regulation of blood novartis pipeline, body temperature, and the response to stress. These pathways begin with neurons in the brain that send electrical signals downward to specific levels of the spinal cord. Neurons in these segments then send the impulses out to the rest of the body or coordinate neural activity within the cord itself. The ascending sensory tracts novartis pipeline sensory signals from the skin, extremities, and internal organs that enter at specific segments of the spinal cord.

Most of these signals are then relayed to the brain. The novartis pipeline cord also contains neuronal circuits that control reflexes and repetitive movements, such as walking, which can be activated by incoming sensory signals without input from the brain. The circumference of the spinal cord varies depending on its location.



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