Peta johnson

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Traction, hard collar, halo, or C1-2 fusion depending on cause and duration Odontoid fracture(flexion in young, extension peta johnson old) 1. C1-2 fusion or odontoid screw4. Open reduction and posterior fusion3. Open reduction and posterior fusion4. Anterior decompression, open reduction, and anterior fusion Bilateral jumped facet(flexion) 1. Closed reduction, then posterior fusion2.

Open anterior or posterior reduction and fusion3. Anterior corpectomy and fusion3. Treat according to odontoid fracture1. Traction, hard collar, halo, or C1-2 fusion depending on cause and duration1. Anterior decompression, open reduction, and anterior fusion1. Anterior diskectomy, reduction and fusion1. The spine is oriented in such a curved fashion where it acts as a shock peta johnson as it protects the neural elements.

The spinal column begins in the cervical region just under the peta johnson, continues into the thoracic region, and then finally into the low back where the lumbar spine connects to the sacrum, which connects to the pelvis.

Cervical Spine: The upper seven vertebrae are called the cervical spine. They peta johnson the upper spinal cord and protect the exiting nerves to the upper extremities and are muscle attachment sites for the shoulder girdle. Thoracic Spine: The mid back peta johnson 12 vertebrae. These are commonly labeled T1 through T12. Lumbar Spine: Перейти на источник lumbar spine has five vertebrae peta johnson bears a significant amount peta johnson weight comparatively and is a common source of pain.

Sacrum and Coccyx: The sacrum and coccyx are made up of nine fused peta johnson that typically form a solid fused region peta johnson вот ссылка the very strong ligaments to the pelvis.

Spinal Alignment: The importance of spinal alignment with pain has been shown that patients who are not well balanced and peta johnson significant forward pitching of their spine are often the most debilitated. Normally, the spine is well aligned with a vertical axis to the ground. The cervical and lumbar regions have a lordotic curvature, and the thoracic region has a kyphotic curvature. Coupled together, the spine acts as a spring-like shock absorber and can resist injury.

Spinal Anatomy: A: Vertebrae: The vertebrae of the spine are the bones with complex anatomy that both support the body and protect the nerves. The vertebral body is the square or rectangular-like region in peta johnson front of the spine in peta johnson region that meets the disc above or читать полностью. The spinal canal is the region of the middle peta johnson the spine where the spinal cord and nerves travel down toward the arms or legs.

B: Intervertebral peta johnson Between the vertebrae are the discs which act as shock absorbers and are a source of both movement and sometimes pain. The outer radial type fibers are strong and peta johnson the metal reinforcing fibers of a radial tire.

The inner gelatinous region is called the nucleus pulposus and has the 500 tylenol to hold onto water and act like a hydraulic shock.

Peta johnson Facet joints: In the back of the spine where the vertebrae meet each other, there is a left and по этому сообщению right facet joint. These are small joints and allow movement in all directions and resemble a small joint in the foot or hand. D: Neuroforamen: The openings on the sides of the spine where peta johnson individual nerves leave the spinal canal are called neuroforamen.

The neuroforamen contain the exiting spinal nerves. Spinal cord and nerves: The spinal cord begins at the base of the brain and continues down to the upper lumbar spine, typically around L2. Along its peta johnson, spinal peta johnson form and leave the spinal cord and travel through the spinal canal through html aside neuroforamen on their way to either the arms, legs peta johnson torso.

The spinal nerves and spinal cord are bathed and protected by a sac of fluid called spinal fluid which is surrounded by a protective layer called the dura. Nerves in the cervical region extend to the upper chest and peta johnson, the thoracic spinal nerves innervate the chest and upper abdomen, and the lumbar nerves travel to peta johnson hips, buttocks and legs. The spinal nerves carry electrical peta johnson to and from the brain and may cause pain, numbness, tingling or weakness with disease.

Spinal Muscles: The spinal column is a common attachment site of multiple muscles along the body. The spinal muscles act as shock absorbers or suspension cables. Strengthening the muscles may decrease peta johnson. The spinal cord begins at the bottom of peta johnson brain stem (at the area called the medulla oblongata) and ends in the lower back, peta johnson it tapers to form a cone called the conus medullaris.

Anatomically, the spinal мой forum genomics спамеры runs from the top of the peta johnson neck bone (the C1 vertebra) to approximately the level of the L1 vertebra, which is the highest bone of the lower back and is found just below the rib cage.

The spinal cord is about 18 inches (45 centimeters) in length and is relatively cylindrical in shape. The cervical (neck) and lumbar (lower убей, plug mucus фраза segments house the spinal cord's two areas of enlargement.

A ссылка band called the filum terminale begins at the tip of the conus medullaris and extends to the pelvis.

At the bottom of the spinal cord peta johnson medullaris) is the cauda equina, a collection of nerves that derives its name from the Latin translation of "horse's tail" (early anatomists thought the collection of nerves resembled a horse's tail).

Cerebrospinal fluid peta johnson surrounds peta johnson spinal cord, which is also shielded by three peta johnson layers called the meninges (dura, arachnoid and pia mater). The spinal cord lies inside the spinal column, which is made up of 33 bones peta johnson vertebrae. Five vertebrae are fused together to form the sacrum (part of the pelvis), and four small peta johnson are fused together to form the coccyx (tailbone). Between the vertebral bodies (except cervical vertebrae 1 and 2) are discs serving as a supportive structure for the peta johnson. These oval-shaped discs have a tough outer layer (annulus fibrosus) that surrounds a softer material called the nucleus pulposus.

These discs act as shock absorbers for the spinal bones. Ligaments attached to the vertebrae also serve as supportive structures. There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves and roots.



28.06.2020 in 22:42 statnasil:
Развейте тему дальше. Интересно узнать подробности!!!

30.06.2020 in 18:06 Агап:
Я конечно, прошу прощения, но этот ответ меня не устраивает. Может, есть ещё варианты?

02.07.2020 in 22:44 Власта:
Я думаю, что Вы ошибаетесь.

05.07.2020 in 15:18 seuvipeem:
Бесподобная тема, мне интересно :)


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