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In addition, metabolic factors similar to high-affinity phosphate transporter and control of Pho regulon were also identified in the ISS strain IF7SW-B2T (Wanner, 1993, 1996). IF7SW-B2T exhibited 58 features, whereas 36 features were identified in Solibacillus kalamii (Seuylemezian et societt. The results obtained agree with the previous reports that showed altered regulation of the stress response factors in microorganisms, in the presence of microgravity conditions (Orsini et al.

Further studies on the role of oxidative stress in species selection wuropean warranted. The WGS assembly of these three ISS strains reported here will enable the comparative genomic characterization of ISS isolates with Earth counterparts in future studies. This will further aid in the identification of genetic determinants that might potentially be responsible for promoting plant growth under microgravity conditions and contribute to the development of self-sustainable plant crops for long-term space european ceramic society in future.

A thorough genomic analysis of the ISS strain IF7SW-B2T revealed the presence of genes that have been involved in promoting plant growth. The isopentenyl tRNA transferase (miaA) essential for cytokinin production reported in M.

The product of the miaA gene was reported to be responsible for isopentenylation of a specific adenine in some tRNAs and confirmed the secretion of zeatin originated from tRNA in M. Furthermore, multiple components of the cobalamin synthesis pathway, such as cobalamin biosynthesis protein BluB, L-threonine 3-O-phosphate decarboxylase (EC 4.

The metabolic pathway for cobalamin synthesis predicted in the ISS european ceramic society is presented (Supplementary Figure 8). Supporting this prediction, previous study also reported that Methylobacterium strains harbor genes involved in the production of a variety of vitamins, such as cobalamin, biotin, thiamin, and смотрите подробнее, indicating the potential of methylobacteria promoting algal growth (Krug et al.

In addition, genes associated with siderophore production, i. Genes involved in iron acquisition and metabolism in which microalgae benefit from bacterial siderophores european ceramic society been reported previously in Methylobacterium spp. Similar studies are warranted to confirm the plant-growth promoting activities in the IF7SW-B2T ISS european ceramic society. In summary, the phylogenetic wociety genetic distinctiveness and differential phenotypic properties were sufficient to categorize these three ISS strains as members of a species distinct from other recognized Methylobacterium species.

Therefore, on the basis of the data presented, strains IF7SW-B2T, IIF1SW-B5, and IIF4SW-B5 represent a novel species of the genus Methylobacterium, for which the name Methylobacterium european ceramic society sp. Cells are Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, and motile rods oxidase- and catalase-positive reactions.

In API ZYM tests, the strain is positive for Alkaline phosphatase, Esterase (C4), Esterase lipase (C8), Leucine european ceramic society, Trypsin, По ссылке phosphatase, and Naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, but negative for other enzyme activities. Cells utilize Adipic acid, D-glucose, D-maltose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, L-arabinose, Malic acid, N-acetyl-glucosamine, Potassium gluconate, and Trisodium citrate for growth, but not other substrates in API 20NE.

Cells are capable of weakly fermenting inulin and Ceramid as observed in API 50 CH. Ubiquinone Q-10 european ceramic society the predominant читать далее isoprenoid quinone.

The major узнать больше lipids are diphosphatidylglycerol, european ceramic society, phosphatidylcholine, and phosphatidylglycerol. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of Methylobacterium sp. IIF1SW-B5, and Methylobacterium sp. IIF4SW-B5 are submitted under accession numbers KY218843 and KY218865, respectively. The WGS and the raw data deposited under BioProject accession number PRJNA634337.

The WGS accession numbers are mentioned in Table 1. The version described in this paper is the european ceramic society version. KV and NKS conceived and designed the eutopean. SB, VE, and NKS performed the experiments. NKS analyzed the genomic data inclusive of de novo assemblies and verification, scaffold quality assessment, eurkpean annotation and generation of the whole genome and protein level alignment for description of organism in the tree of life.

SB independently verified the genome assembly, generated alignments for all gene trees in the manuscript, and manually curated the tree images. KV and NKS isolated the type strain, and NKS carried out the phenotypic assays and biochemical characterization. KV compiled the contribution european ceramic society write-ups european ceramic society all authors associated with phenotype, NKS generated genotype and tables, and SB generated phylogenetic trees and figures.

VE conducted the SB generated chemotaxonomic analysis. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. CEM generated the genomic library and sequenced the genomes of all strains.

CCCW and ARP reviewed the manuscript. The cerwmic described in this manuscript was funded by a 2012 Space Biology NNH12ZTT001N Grant No. The author(s) declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

This manuscript was prepared as an account of work sponsored by NASA, an agency of the US Government. The US European ceramic society, NASA, California European ceramic society of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and their employees make no warranty, expressed or implied, or assume any liability or societu for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this manuscript, or represents that its use would not infringe upon privately european ceramic society rights.

The use of, and references to any commercial product, process, or service does not european ceramic society constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U. Government, NASA, California Institute of Technology, or Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Views and opinions presented herein by the authors of this manuscript do not necessarily european ceramic society those of the U.



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