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This material is based upon work supported by the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship to D. Computed tomography scans used посетить страницу источник this project were generated from the oVert NSF Thematic Collections Network (Grant DBI-1701714) and the University of Florida.

We thank all of the institutions, curators, and collection managers that loaned us specimens for this study. We thank the D. Data deposition: Computed tomography data (tiff stacks and mesh files) have been deposited in MorphoSource (see Dataset Adv ther for DOIs).

This open access article is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 4. Skip to main content Main menu Bart pumphrey syndrome ArticlesCurrent Special Feature Articles - Most Recent Special Нажмите чтобы прочитать больше Colloquia Collected Articles PNAS Classics List of Eat to live PNAS Nexus Front MatterFront Matter Portal Journal Club NewsFor the Press This Week In PNAS PNAS in the News Podcasts AuthorsInformation for Authors Editorial and Journal Policies Submission Procedures Fees and Bart pumphrey syndrome Submit Submit AboutEditorial Board PNAS Staff FAQ Accessibility Statement Rights and Permissions Site Map Contact Journal Club SubscribeSubscription Bart pumphrey syndrome Subscriptions FAQ Open Access Recommend PNAS to Your Librarian User menu Log in Log out My Cart Search Search for this keyword Advanced search Log in Log out My Cart Search for this keyword Advanced Search Home ArticlesCurrent Special Feature Articles - Most Recent Special Features Colloquia Collected Articles PNAS Classics List of Issues PNAS Nexus Front MatterFront Matter Portal Journal Club NewsFor the Press This Week In PNAS PNAS in the News Podcasts AuthorsInformation for Authors Editorial and Journal Policies Submission Procedures Fees bart pumphrey syndrome Licenses Submit Research Article View ORCID ProfileDaniel J.

Bart pumphrey syndrome, View ORCID ProfileEdward L. Stanley, and View ORCID По ссылке C.

AbstractFrogs (Anura) are one of the most diverse vertebrate orders, comprising more than 7,000 species with a worldwide distribution and extensive ecological diversity. ResultsDiversity in Skull Shape. Ancestral Reconstruction of Hyperossification. Ecology, Skull Shape, and Hyperossification. DiscussionDiversity in Skull Shape. Hyperossification occurs in diverse frog lineages and has arisen independently over 25 times in living anurans. Hyperossification in Fossil Anurans.

Material and MethodsSampling and Computed Tomography. AcknowledgmentsThis material is based upon work supported by the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship to D. Milne, Convergence and remarkably consistent constraint in the evolution of carnivore bart pumphrey syndrome shape.

Schluter, Adaptive radiation in sticklebacks: Size, shape, and habitat use efficiency. Lemos-Espinal, Head shape and bite performance in xenosaurid lizards. Carrier, Sexual selection on skeletal shape in Carnivora. Ross, The evolution of cranial design and performance in squamates: Consequences of skull-bone reduction on feeding behavior.

Bart pumphrey syndrome, Head shape evolution in Gymnophthalmidae: Does habitat use constrain the bart pumphrey syndrome of cranial design in fossorial lizards. Scott Keogh, Phylogenetic conservatism in skulls and evolutionary lability in limbs-Morphological evolution across an ancient frog radiation is shaped by diet, locomotion and burrowing.

Hall, The Skull (University of Chicago Press, 1993), vol. Wagner, Novelty in evolution: Restructuring the bart pumphrey syndrome. Sire, The integumentary skeleton of tetrapods: Origin, evolution, перейти development. Laurin, Comparative data on the differentiation and growth of bone ornamentation in bart pumphrey syndrome (Chordata: Vertebrata).

Wake, Size and shape in ontogeny and phylogeny. Law, Evolutionary shifts in extant mustelid (Mustelidae: Carnivora) cranial shape, body size and body shape bart pumphrey syndrome with the Mid-Miocene Climate Transition.

A morphometric analysis in the Crocodylia. Godoy, Crocodylomorph cranial shape evolution and its relationship with body size and ecology. Bart pumphrey syndrome, The anuran Bauplan: A review of the adaptive, developmental, and genetic underpinnings of frog and tadpole morphology. Duellman, The numbers of amphibians and bart pumphrey syndrome. OpenUrlUniversity of California, Berkeley, AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation.

Accessed 12 February 2020. Trueb, Biology of Amphibians (McGraw-Hill, 1986). Wells, The Ecology and Behavior bart pumphrey syndrome Amphibians (University of Chicago Press, 2007). Trueb, Evolutionary bart pumphrey syndrome of casque-headed tree frogs with co-ossified skulls (family Hylidae). Wassersug, Cranial coosification in frogs: Relationship to rate of evaporative water bart pumphrey syndrome. Pyron, The interplay of past diversification and evolutionary isolation with present imperilment across the amphibian tree of читать. Otarola-Castillo, geomorph: an R package for the collection and analysis of geometric morphometric shape data.

Yeh, The effect of miniaturized body size on skeletal morphology in frogs. Maglia, Ontogeny of the bizarre: An osteological description of Pipa pipa (Anura: Pipidae), with an account of skeletal development in the species.

Cundall, How a frog, Pipa pipa, succeeds or fails in thoracic annals surgery of fish. Irish, The suction mechanism of bart pumphrey syndrome pipid frog, Pipa pipa (Linnaeus, 1758). Jenkins На этой странице, An Early Jurassic jumping frog.

Basso, The earliest known frogs of the Jurassic of South America: Review bart pumphrey syndrome cladistic appraisal of their relationships. Wang, Mesozoic anurans from Liaoning Province, China, and phylogenetic relationships of archaeobatrachian anuran clades. Meinhardt, An integrative approach to heterochrony: The distinction between interspecific and intraspecific phenomena.

Krause, New material of Beelzebufo, a hyperossified frog (Amphibia: Anura) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. PLoS One 9, e87236 (2014). Mendelson, III, A new species of Hemiphractus (Anura: Hylidae: Hemiphractinae), and a redescription of H. Emerson, Parallelism and convergence in anuran fangs. Blackburn, First dietary record of Gastrotheca guentheri (Boulenger, 1882), the lone anuran with true mandibular teeth. Pramuk, Prenasal bones and snout morphology in West Indian bufonids and the Bufo granulosus species group.

Duellman, An extraordinary new casque-headed marsupial frog (Hylidae: Gastrotheca). Abe, Evaporative посетить страницу loss and oxygen uptake in two casque-headed tree frogs, Aparasphenodon brunoi and Bart pumphrey syndrome greeningi (Anura, Hylidae). Antoniazzi, Water economy in the casque-headed tree-frog Corythomantis greeningi (Hylidae): Role of behaviour, skin, and skull skin co-ossification.



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